ESSS Outlines

Outlines are summaries of evidence produced by Iriss's Knowledge Managers in the Evidence Search and Summary Service (ESSS). They are produced using flexible and thorough approaches to identify and evaluate a wide range of evidence — from research, practice and experience — to ensure robust outputs that meet the needs of social service stakeholders in Scotland.

If you need evidence to help improve your work in social services in Scotland, please contact our free Evidence Search and Summary Service.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs): educational interventions

ESSS Outline

This summary explores the evidence around Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), their impact on educational outcomes and what interventions may be effective in supporting young people with ACEs in educational contexts. It draws on evidence from social care, health and education to provide background information and identify examples interventions with identifiable outcomes for young people, and examples of good practice around ACEs- and trauma-informed approaches that may be relevant in Scotland. It also identifies some key limitations of the evidence around ACEs and the application of the concept in the educational context.

Self-directed support and workforce development

ESSS Outline

This summary looks at how the social care workforce in Scotland can be further developed to deliver self-directed support. In the literature reviewed, there was limited shared knowledge about successful staff training and development to support personalisation, despite an emphasis in several Scottish Government reports on the importance of sharing good practice. The suggested approaches in this summary are involving service users in SDS training; person-centred practice; and further developing workforce understanding of the processes of personalisation. This document also highlights the barriers experienced by the workforce in making the shift towards personalisation.

Community-based activities and young people’s wellbeing

ESSS Outline

This evidence summary examines how community-based interventions can support young people's social and emotional wellbeing. Due to a scarcity of robust evaluation and reporting taking place across the sector, we selected a wide-range of materials for this review, including systematic reviews, relevant individual studies and case studies from UK-based organisations. Studies examining a range of different children’s and young people’s interventions were selected, with most aimed at improving social skills, emotional wellbeing and behavioural difficulties.

Children experiencing interparental coercive control

ESSS Outline

This summary focuses on evidence of the indirect impact on children from living with the effect of adult to adult coercive control. Overall there is very little research into coercive control without violence, and even less specific research into how children experience coercive controlling behaviours only, when living with domestic violence perpetrated by one caregiver to another. However, we have identified some key publications and sources of knowledge that seek to identify and explain the impact of coercive control on young people, where these effects are described specifically. Children who witness severe and ongoing parental conflict can have significant negative outcomes for children. Children who witness severe and ongoing parental conflict can display: externalising problems (such as behavioural difficulties, antisocial behavior, conduct disorder); Internalising problems (such as low self-esteem, depression and anxiety); academic problems; physical health problems; and social and interpersonal relationship problems. It is important for people working in social services to understand the impact of coercive control and develop relevant assessment skills. This Outline provides contextual information and recommendations for reading and development.

Palliative and end of life care for people with alcohol related brain damage

ESSS Outline

This evidence summary seeks to address the following question relating to palliative and end of life care for people with alcohol related brain damage (ARBD): What is considered good practice in providing end of life and palliative care for people with ARBD? It draws on evidence from academic research, health and social care guidelines and recommendations from specialist organisations to identify examples of good practice in palliative and end of life care, in terms of general recommendations, dementia-specific guidance and ARBD-specific considerations.

SDS brokerage in rural Scotland

ESSS Outline

This Outline explores the challenges facing local authorities when seeking to implement brokerage models of self directed support in rural Scottish communities.

Voluntary social care recruitment

ESSS Outline

This evidence summary seeks to identify some best practice recruitment strategies from voluntary social care and other relevant sectors and industries. It provides background information about social care recruitment in Scotland and identifies the key challenges identified in the evidence.

Distributed leadership in early years and childcare

ESSS Outline

This Outline explores distributed approaches to leadership in the context of childcare and early years settings. It provides some background to Scottish policy priorities and principles of leadership and distributed approaches.

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